8/8 Repenser l’action non violente et les luttes politiques : Cultures politiques d’opposition non-violente dans le mouvement indépendantiste indien et le mouvement des travailleurs sans terre du Brésil 


Nous remercions les participants du Symposium on Nonviolent Research à l’Université of Tromsø en Norvège, Sean Scalmer, John Guidry, Sidney Tarrow, Charles Tilly, and nos relecteurs pour leus commentaires utiles. Addressez la correspondance to: Sean Chabot, Department of Sociology and Criminal Justice, Eastern Washington University, 314 Patterson Hall, Cheney, WA 99004; e-mail: schabot@mail.ewu.edu.




Ackerman, P. and C. Kruegler.(eds.). 1994. Strategic Nonviolent Conflict: The Dynamics of People Power in the Twentieth Century. Westport, CT: Praeger.

Almond, G. and S. Verba. 1963. The Civic Culture. Princeton NJ: Princeton University Press.

Alvarez, S., E. Dagnino, and A. Escobar (eds.). 1998. Cultures of Politics, Politics of Cultures: Re-visioning Latin American Social Movements. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.

Andrews, C. F. 1930. Mahatma Gandhi—His Own Story. New York: Macmillan.

Bondurant, J. V. 1971. Conquest of Violence: The Gandhian Philosophy of Conflict. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.

Branford, S. 2001. “Seeds of Change—Brazil’s Landless Movement Aids Landless Peasants.” The Ecologist, May 2001. Retrieved March 18, 2006 (www.looksmartcollege.com/p/articles/mi_m2465/is_4_31/ai_74583528).

Branford, S. and J. Rocha. 2002. Cutting the Wire: The Story of the Landless Movement in Brazil. London, UK: Latin American Bureau.

Buechler, S. 2000. Social Movements in Advanced Capitalism. New York: Oxford University Press.

Burrowes, R. J. 1996. The Strategy of Non-Violent Defense: A Gandhian Approach. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press.

Caldart, R. S. 2002. “Movement of the Landless Rural Workers (MST): Pedagogical Lessons.” Landless Voices. Retrieved March 18, 2006 (www.landless-voices.org).

Carter, M. 2003. The Origins of Brazil’s Landless Rural Workers’ Movement (MST): The Natalino Episode in Rio Grande Do Sul (1981-84). A Case of Ideal Interest Mobilization. Working Paper Number CBS 43-03, Oxford, UK: University of Oxford, Centre for Brazilian Studies.

Carter, M. 2005. The Landless Rural Workers’ Movement (MST) and Democracy in Brazil. Working Paper Number CBS-60-05, Oxford, UK: University of Oxford, Centre for Brazilian Studies.

Chabot, S. 2003. “Crossing the Great Divide: The Gandhian Repertoire’s Transnational Diffusion to the American Civil Rights Movement.” Ph.D. dissertation, Amsterdam School for Social-Science Research, University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Dalton, D. 1993. Mahatma Gandhi: Nonviolent Power in Action. New York: Columbia University Press.

Darder, A. 2002. Reinventing Paulo Freire: A Pedagogy of Love. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.

Darnovsky, M., B. Epstein, and R. Flacks (eds.). 1995. Cultural Politics and Social Movements. Philadelphia, PA: Temple University Press.

Domingos, M. 2002. “Agrarian Reform in Brazil.” Land Research Action Network. Retrieved March 18, 2006 (http://www.landaction.org/printdisplay.php?article=63).

Draper, A. 1985. The Amritsar Massacre: Twilights of the Raj. London, UK: Ashford, Buchan, and Enright.

Duncombe, S. (ed.) 2002. Cultural Resistance Reader. New York: Verso.

Emirbayer, M. 1997. “Manifesto for a Relational Sociology.” American Journal of Sociology 103: 962-1023.

Fein, H. 1977. Imperial Crime and Punishment: The Massacre at Jallianwala Bagh and British Judgment, 1919-1920. Honolulu, HI: University of Hawaii Press.

Foran, J. 2005. Taking Power: On the Origins of Third World Revolutions. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

Foucault, M. 2004. “Power as Knowledge.” Pp. 465-471 in Social Theory: The Multicultural and Classic Readings, edited by C. Lemert. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.

Fox, R. 1989. Gandhian Utopia: Experiments with Culture. Boston, MA: Beacon Press.

Fox, R. 1997. “Passage from India.” Pp. 65-82 in Between Resistance and Revolution: Cultural Politics and Social Protest, edited by R. Fox and O.Starn. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press.

Frank, J. 2002. “Two Models of Land Reform and Development.” Land Research Action Network. Retrieved March 18, 2006 (http://www.landaction.org/display.php?article=22).

Freire, P. 1993. Pedagogy of the Oppressed. New York: Continuum.

Freire, P. 1997. Pedagogy of the Heart. New York: Continuum.

Friends of the MST (FMST). Retrieved March 18, 2006 (www.mstbrazil.org).

Furneaux, R. 1963. Massacre at Amritsar. London, UK: George Allen, and Unwin.

Galtung, J. 196). “Violence, Peace, and Peace Research.” Journal of Peace Research 6:167-191.

Gandhi, M. K. 1945. Constructive Programme: Its Meaning and Place. Ahmedabad, India: Navjian.

Gandhi, M. K. 1951. Non-Violent Resistance (Satyagraha). New York: Schocken.

Gandhi, M. K. [1909] 1938. Hind Swaraj. Ahmedabad, India: Navajivan.

Goodwin, J. and J. Jasper (eds.). 2004. Rethinking Social Movements. Lanham, MD:

Rowman and Littlefield.

Gregg, R. 1935. The Power of Nonviolence. London, UK: James Clark.

Hammond, J.L. 2004. “The MST and the Media: Competing Images of the Brazilian Landless Farmworkers’ Movement.” Latin American Politics and Society 46:61- 90.

Hardiman, D. 2003. Gandhi In His Time and Ours: The Global Legacy of His Ideas. New York: Columbia University Press.

Iyer, R. N. 2000. The Moral and Political Thought of Mahatma Gandhi. New Delhi, India: Oxford University Press.

Jasper, J.M. and J. Poulsen. 1995. “Recruiting Strangers and Friends: Moral Shocks and Social Networks in Animal Rights and Animal Protest.” Social Problems 42:493-512.

Jasper, J. 1997. The Art of Moral Protest: Culture, Biography, and Creativity in Social Movements. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.

Johnston, H. and B. Klandermans (eds.). 1995. Social Movements and Culture. Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota Press.

King, M. L. 1967. Where D o We Go From Here: Chaos or Community? New York: Harper and Row.

Kreisberg, S. 1992. Transforming Power: Domination, Empowerment, and Education. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press.

Lakey, G. 1987. Powerful Peacemaking: A Strategy for a Living Revolution. Philadelphia, PA: New Society. Landless Voices. Retrieved March 18, 2006 (www.landless-voices.org/vieira).

Leistyna, P. (ed.). 2005. Cultural Studies: From Theory to Action. Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishing.

Lukes, S. [1974] 2005. Power: A Radical View. New York: Palgrave.

Mansbridge, J. and A. Morris (eds.). 2001. Oppositional Consciousness: The Subjective Roots of Social Protest. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.

Martin, B. 1989. “Gene Sharp’s Theory of Power.” Journal of Peace Research 26: 213-222.

Martins, M. D. 2003. “Learning to Participate, the MST Experience.” Land Research Action Network. Retrieved March 18, 2006 (http://www.landaction.org/printdisplay.php?article=135).

McAdam, D. 1982. The Political Process and the Development of Black Insurgency, 1930-1970. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.

McAdam, D. and S. Tarrow 2000. “Nonviolence as Contentious Interaction.” PS-Online. Retrieved March 18, 2006 (www.apsanet.org/PS/june00/mcadam.cfm).

McAdam, D., S. Tarrow, and C. Tilly. 2001. Dynamics of Contention. New York: Cambridge University Press.

McCarthy, R. M. and C. Kruegler. 1993. Toward Research and Theory Building in the Study of Nonviolent Action. Cambridge, MA: Albert Einstein Institution Monograph Number 7.

McGuinness, K. 1993. “Gene Sharp’s Theory of Power: A Feminist Critique of Consent.” Journal of Peace Research 30:101-115.

McLaren, P. 2000. Che Guevara, Paulo Freire and the Pedagogy of Revolution. New York: Rowman and Littlefield.

Meszaros, G. 2000. “No Ordinary Revolution: Brazil’s Landless Workers’ Movement.” Race & Class 42:1-18.

Nojeim, M. J. 2004. Gandhi and King: The Power of Nonviolent Resistance. Westport, CT: Praeger.

Pye, L. and S. Verba (eds.). 1965. Political Culture and Political Development. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Reed, J. P. and J. Foran. 2002. “Political Cultures of Opposition: Exploring Idioms, Ideologies, and Revolutionary Agency in the Case of Nicaragua.” Critical Sociology 28:335-370.

Reed, V. J. 2005. The Art of Protest. Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota Press.

Schock, K. 2005. Unarmed Insurrections: People Power Movements in Nondemocracies. Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota Press.

Scott, J. 1990. Domination and the Arts of Resistance: Hidden Transcripts. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.

Sewell, W. 1985. “Ideologies and Social Revolutions: Reflections on the French Case.” Journal of Modern History 57:57-85.

——. 1996. “Historical Events as Transformations of Structures: InventingRevolution at the Bastille.” Theory and Society 25:841-881

Sharp, G. 1960. Gandhi Wields the Weapon of Moral Power. Ahmedabad, India:


——. 1973. The Politics of Nonviolent Action. Boston, MA: Porter Sargent.

——. 1990. The Role of Power in Nonviolent Struggle. Cambridge, MA: Albert Einstein Institution Monograph Number 3.

Shor, I. and P. Freire 1987. A Pedagogy for Liberation. Washington, DC: Bergin and Garvey.

Shridharani, K. 1939. War without Violence: A Study of Gandhi’s Method and its Accomplishments. New York: Harcourt Brace.

Skocpol, T. 1985. “Cultural Idioms and Political Ideologies in the Revolutionary Reconstruction of State Power: A Rejoinder to Sewell.” Journal of Modern History 57:86-96.

Sommer, H. 2000. “Bringing Nonviolence Back Into the Study of Contentious Politics.” Politikon 27:255-275.

Stédile, J. P. 2002. “Landless Batallions: The Sem Terra Movement of Brazil.” New Left Review 15.

Stédile, J. P. 2005. “Memories of Struggle in the MST.” NACLA Report on the Americas 38:24-25.

Swidler, A. 1986. “Culture in Action: Symbols and Strategies.” American Sociological Review 51:273-286.

Tarlo, E. 1996. Clothing Matters: Dress and Identity in India. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.

Terchek, R. 1998. Gandhi: Struggling for Autonomy. Lanham, MD: Rowman and Littlefield.

Veltmeyer, H. and J. Petras 2002. “The Social Dynamics of Brazil’s Rural Landless Workers’ Movement: Ten Hypotheses on Successful Leadership.” Canadian Review of Sociology and Anthropology 39:79-96

Vinthagen, S. 2005. “”Ickevåldaktion—En social praktik av motstånd och konstruktion [Nonviolent Action—A Social Practice of Resistance and Construction]”. Ph.D. dissertation, Department of Peace and Development Research, Göteborg University, Sweden.

Weber, M. 1946. From Max Weber, edited by H.H. Gerth and C.W. Mills. New York: Oxford University Press.

Weber, T. 1997. On the Salt March: The Historiography of Gandhi’s March to Dandi. New Delhi, India: HarperCollins.

Williams, R. 1977. Marxism and Literature. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.

Wright, A. and W. Wolford. 2003. To Inherit the Earth: The Landless Movement and the Struggle for a New Brazil. Oakland, CA: Food First Books.

Zunes, S., L. Kurtz, and S. Beth (eds.). 1999. Non-Violent Social Movements: A Geographical Perspective. Malden, MA: Blackwell.


Laisser un commentaire

Entrez vos coordonnées ci-dessous ou cliquez sur une icône pour vous connecter:

Logo WordPress.com

Vous commentez à l'aide de votre compte WordPress.com. Déconnexion / Changer )

Image Twitter

Vous commentez à l'aide de votre compte Twitter. Déconnexion / Changer )

Photo Facebook

Vous commentez à l'aide de votre compte Facebook. Déconnexion / Changer )

Photo Google+

Vous commentez à l'aide de votre compte Google+. Déconnexion / Changer )

Connexion à %s